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Prawn, Tiger, prawns

Panaeus monodon

Method of production - Farmed
Production country - Global
Production method - Pond systems, GAA BAP certification
Accreditation - Global Aquaculture Aquaculture Alliance (GAA) Best Aquaculture Practice (BAP) 2*3*4*
Fish type - Shellfish

Sustainability rating Click for explaination of rating

This fish, caught by the methods and in the area listed above, is not the most sustainable choice of fish to eat. Click on the rating icon above to read more and on the alternatives tab below to find more sustainable fish to eat.

Sustainability overview

Global Aquaculture Alliance (GAA) certification standards for the Best Aquaculture Practice (BAP) production of warm water prawns defines and enforces production standards to address many issues of concern. Intensive prawn/shrimp farming is associated with a number of negative environmental impacts which are of concern, these include: Impacts on ecologically sensitive habitats; the risk of salinisation of freshwater bodies; discharge of organic matter and nutrients leading to environmental changes; the use of chemicals and therapeutics in production and the potential of disease transfer between farmed and wild prawns. Marine prawns are carnivorous requiring high protein inclusion on their diet, this is one of the most critical concerns regarding prawn farming as the supply of fishmeal and fish-oil being used is, in general not traceable to species level and is not certified sustainable. They are also concerns regarding the current regulatory framework and level of enforcement for aquaculture production in these production areas. GAA operate a star system, with one star * for each - hatchery, production, feed and processing. 4* products are the best choice to make


The tiger prawn belongs to the largest of the prawn and shrimp family, the Penaeidae. Its lifecycle may be divided into 6 stages or phases, from embryo to adult, which it completes in one year. The age of sexual maturity varies from 5 to 11 months. They can live up to 2 years in the wild although farmed prawns are usually harvested at 6 months.

Stock information

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Stock information


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Production method

Pond systems, GAA BAP certification

Prawn /shrimp are farmed in saline/brackish water ponds of various sizes and intensities in many countries either in coastal areas or inland within or outside the intertidal zone. Intensive pond farming has a higher stocking density of prawns and requires

Read the MCS Aquaculture policy position paper

MCS Aquaculture Assessment Methodology 2012

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