This stock has shown some increase after reaching a historical low in 2007 but biomass is still below target and fishing effort too high. In 2011 a 30% reduction in fishing effort was recommended by scientists. In 2013 the advice is for a 63% reduction in order to achieve a sustainable level. Avoid eating fish from over-fished stocks.
Cod belongs to a family of fish known as gadoids, which also includes species such as haddock, pollack, pouting, and ling. It is a cold-temperate (boreal), demersal (bottom-dwelling) species.They spawn in winter and spring from February to April. In the North Sea, cod mature at 4-5 years at a length of about 50cms and can live up to 60 years.
Two distinct stocks are recognised in the Faroes. On the Faroes Plateau the stock has shown some increase after reaching a historical low in 2007, but remains below MSY trigger (a biomass reference point that triggers a cautious response i.e. reduce fishing mortaility to allow a stock to rebuild). Fishing mortality has decreased since 2002 and is now between F lim and F pa, but still above F msy. ICES recommends a further decrease in fishing mortality in 2013 to bring the stock within Precautionary limits. An effort management system has been in place since 1996; however this is not considered to be in line with the precautionary approach, and currently it is not being achieved. Management by effort can encourage accelerated technical creep and rapid increase of capacity per vessel. ICES advice for this stock in 2013 is to further reduce fishing mortality by 63%.
Cod are mainly taken in a directed cod and haddock fishery with longlines, in a directed jigging fishery, and as bycatch in the trawl fishery for saithe.
ICES Advice 2012, Book 4
(Based on method of production, fish type, and consumer rating: only fish rated 3 and below are included.)
Read what the consumer pages of the Good Fish Guide say about this species.
Marine Conservation Society
Company Limited by Guarantee No. 2550966
Registered Charity England and Wales No. 1004005 |
Scotland No. SC037480
Registered Office: Unit 3, Wolf Business Park, Alton Road,
Ross on Wye HR9 5NB, Scottish office: 11A Chester Street, Edinburgh, EH3 7RF.
Copyright MCS 2012 All rights reserved.
MCS is a member of Oceans 2012, a coalition dedicated to ensuring that the 2012 reform of the Common Fisheries Policy stops overfishing, ends distructive fishing practices and delivers fair and equitable use of healthy fish stocks